The word casino, deriving from the Latin cazino (to risk), refers to a place where various forms of gambling can be undertaken. Modern casinos, however, go beyond this basic definition and add a wide variety of amenities that help attract and keep customers, such as restaurants, free drinks, stage shows and dramatic scenery. In addition, a casino may be built near or combined with hotels, retail shopping or cruise ships.
Although gambling probably existed before written history, the modern casino developed in the 16th century during a widespread craze for all types of gambling. In Italy, for example, wealthy nobles would hold private parties at their homes, called ridotti, where aristocrats could play a variety of games. The gambling craze probably helped spur the growth of casinos, which became more common as they evolved and gained legitimacy in the United States.
Today, the casinos of Las Vegas and Atlantic City draw visitors from all over the world. But casinos are also found in many other cities and towns, including some that have no other major attractions. In fact, more than 40 states now have laws legalizing casinos.
As with any business that involves large sums of money, casinos are prone to fraud and theft. To mitigate this risk, most casinos have strict security measures and use cameras to monitor patrons and staff for suspicious behavior. Despite these precautions, there have been instances of casino employees and patrons cheating or stealing, either in collusion or independently.